Publications from the Clean Clothes Campaign

Various reports, research papers and other materials that we have compiled over the years on the different aspects of the garment industry.

Migrant workers in Thailand's garment factories

Migrant workers in Thailand's garment factories

Clean Clothes Campaign and MAP Foundation launched an in-depth study into the working conditions of migrants from Myanmar (Burma) working in the Thai apparel industry. The report documents how workers are not only denied the right to collective bargaining and minimum social security; it also shows they are denied the legal minimum wage which is tantamount to wage theft.

Read More…

Asia Wage Report

Asia Wage Report

The Clean Clothes Campaign and the Asia Floor Wage Alliance believe that being paid less than a living wage is a violation of an individual’s human rights. This report looks at the low wages being paid across six of the major garment producing countries in Asia – Cambodia, China, Bangladesh, India, Malaysia and Sri Lanka. It also looks at the responsibilities of both state and global apparel brands and their suppliers in addressing poverty wages and the steps that must be taken immediately if the garment industry is to provide a decent life for those working within it.

Read More…

Stitched Up

Stitched Up

Poverty wages in the garment industry in Eastern Europe and Turkey. An in depth research report on the situation facing garment workers in 10 countries. Busting the myth that "Made in Europe" means better wages and conditions.

Read More…

Tailored Wages

Tailored Wages

An in depth look at the practices and policies the 50 largest clothing brands operating in Europe are taking to implement a living wage.

Read More…

Still Waiting

Still Waiting

Six months after history's deadliest apparel industry disaster, workers continue to fight for compensation. This report looks in detail at the Rana Plaza and Tazreen Fashion disasters and where the battle for compensation stands now.

Read More…

Fatal Fashion - Analysis of Recent Factory Fires in Pakistan and Bangladesh

Fatal Fashion - Analysis of Recent Factory Fires in Pakistan and Bangladesh

The Clean Clothes Campaign (CCC) and the Centre for Research on Multinational Corporations (SOMO) have published a report analysing two recent factory fires in the export-oriented garment industry in Bangladesh and Pakistan in which more than 400 lives were lost. ‘Fatal fashion’ is an urgent call upon governments, suppliers, brands, retailers, audit firms and certification bodies for a fundamental game-change to protect and respect workers’ rights.

Read More…

Executive Summary: Breathless for Blue Jeans

Executive Summary: Breathless for Blue Jeans

This provides an overview of the latest report from CCC and partners War on Want, SACOM and IHLO that highlights that three years after the voluntary ban on sandblasting by global clothing brands the practice continues in China, putting workers at risk of the deadly lung disease silicosis.

Read More…

Breathless for Blue Jeans: health hazards in China's denim factories

Breathless for Blue Jeans: health hazards in China's denim factories

The Clean Clothes Campaign (CCC) alongside with War on Want, SACOM and IHLO release new research that shows that the practice of sandblasting - used in order to give jeans a worn or ‘distressed’ look - is still widespread in China despite most Western brands banning the practice three years ago because of its link to silicosis, a deadly lung disease that has already caused the deaths of many garment workers.

Read More…

Hazardous workplaces: Making the Bangladesh Garment industry safe

Hazardous workplaces: Making the Bangladesh Garment industry safe

The safety record of the Bangladesh garment industry is one of the worst in the world. This briefing aims to give an overview of what action needs to be taken by the different actors involved in order to improve the safety of garment factories in Bangladesh, what has been achieved so far both in preventing future tragedies and compensating the victims of previous incidents and what more could and should be done by the brands, retailers and employers to ensure that the workers of Bangladesh are not risking their lives for the sake of cheap fashion.

Read More…

Presentation: Fatal Fashion in Bangladesh

Presentation: Fatal Fashion in Bangladesh

This presentation outlines working conditions in Bangladesh, the series of factory fires and collapses that occurred since 2005 with special attention to the Rana Plaza collapse, the worst industrial disaster in the garment industry. Lastly it covers the content of The Accord on Fire and Building Safety in Bangladesh which aims to make garment factories in Bangladesh safe workplaces.

Read More…

10 Years of the Better Factories Cambodia Project - A critical evaluation

10 Years of the Better Factories Cambodia Project - A critical evaluation

Better Factories Cambodia (BFC) is a monitoring program initiated by the ILO. It seeks to promote decent working conditions in the Cambodian garment industry. This report by Clean Clothes Campaign and Community Legal Education Center assesses the achievements and limitations of the BFC project. It concludes that while the program has its strengths, working conditions are still very poor. The report formulates recommendations around six areas where the BFC program could be improved.

Read More…

The UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights and the human rights of workers to form or join trade unions and to bargain collectively

The UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights and the human rights of workers to form or join trade unions and to bargain collectively

Respect for the human rights of workers is fundamental to the human rights and business debate. With this paper, we reaffirm the centrality of industrial relations to both the exercise of due diligence and the remediation of adverse human rights impacts within the framework of the UN Guiding Principles. This paper sets out what it means for a business enterprise to respect the rights of workers to join or form a trade union and the right to bargain collectively. Written by the International Trade Union Confederation, IndustriALL Global Union, the Clean Clothes Campaign and UNI Global Union.

Read More…

Deadly Denim: Sandblasting in the Bangladesh Garment Industry

Deadly Denim: Sandblasting in the Bangladesh Garment Industry

Sandblasting has become the key method for finishing most modern jeans requiring that ‘worn-out’ look. Under the sandblasting process the denim is smoothed, shaped and cleaned by forcing abrasive particles across it at high speeds. The process is fast and cheap and demand for pre-worn denim has led to a massive rise in its use. But this fashion comes at a price: the health and even the lives of sandblasting workers.

Read More…

Deadly Denim - Summary

Deadly Denim - Summary

Sandblasting has become the key method for finishing most modern jeans requiring that ‘worn-out’ look. Under the sandblasting process the denim is smoothed, shaped and cleaned by forcing abrasive particles across it at high speeds. The process is fast and cheap and demand for pre-worn denim has led to a massive rise in its use. But this fashion comes at a price: the health and even the lives of sandblasting workers.

Read More…

False Promises: Migrant Workers in the Global Garment Industry

False Promises: Migrant Workers in the Global Garment Industry

Migrant workers are becoming an increasingly important part of the workforce within the global garment industry. These workers are in a particularly vulnerable position in terms of workplace exploitation – in addition to low pay and long working hours, they often experience debt bondage, threats of violence and deportation - and they face specific barriers to voicing and demanding their rights as workers. This CCC Discussion Paper shares research that will help raise awareness of the experiences of migrant workers in the garment industry and provides an input to ongoing discussions on how the CCC network and others can move forward to support respect for migrant workers’ rights.

Read More…

Stitching a Decent Wage Across Borders: The Asia Floor Wage Proposal

Stitching a Decent Wage Across Borders: The Asia Floor Wage Proposal

All garment workers in Asia need a wage increase. But often, when workers struggle to improve their wages and conditions in one country, companies relocate to another country, where wages and conditions are lower. So workers are afraid to fight for better wages, because they might lose their jobs. This report outlines the proposal for a basic wage for all workers in Asia.

Read More…

Road Map to an Asia Floor Wage: 10 steps brands and retailers can take toward implementing a minimum living wage

Road Map to an Asia Floor Wage: 10 steps brands and retailers can take toward implementing a minimum living wage

This document outlines 10 recommendations for global buyers (brands and retailers) that will help achieve the Asia Floor Wage (AFW). The proposed recommendations should not be considered individually and should instead be combined to form a road map. There is no magic bullet regarding the implementation of the AFW, but it should be the result of serious engagement of several (if not all) of this document‟s recommendations.

Read More…

Cashing In - Giant Retailers, Purchasing Practices, and Working Conditions in the Garment Industry

Cashing In - Giant Retailers, Purchasing Practices, and Working Conditions in the Garment Industry

Read “Cashing In” the CCC’s report on five top global retailers: Carrefour, Walmart, Tesco, Aldi, and Lidl, that sheds light on the poor working conditions where these discounters produce their clothes and takes the companies to task for failing to take sufficient action to address these problems. Addressing purchasing practices is one of the key issues included in the CCC’s recommendations for the retailers.

Read More…

The Structural Crisis of Labour Flexibility: Strategies and Prospects for Transnational Labour Organising in the Garment and Sportswear Industries

The Structural Crisis of Labour Flexibility: Strategies and Prospects for Transnational Labour Organising in the Garment and Sportswear Industries

This paper is part of an ongoing evaluation and strategising process through which the CCC's aims and activities can be accessed, reviewed, redefined and adapted. The central question here is what strategies, tools, campaigns would help to achieve our objectives? The paper first discusses why poor working conditions are so persistent in the global garment industry, despite fifteen years of codes of conduct. The second section discusses three main strategies the CCC has employed over the last 15 year to improve working conditions. It includes an overview of how the debate on codes of conduct, monitoring and verification has evolved. Finally, the third section discusses the three broad strategies that might increase the impact of voluntary, private instruments on working conditions. It discusses three different contexts in which voluntary initiatives can contribute to improve working conditions.

Read More…

Full Package Approach to Labour Codes of Conduct

Full Package Approach to Labour Codes of Conduct

Four major steps garment companies can take to ensure their products are made under humane conditions. In this guide the Clean Clothes Campaign offers guidelines on what companies can do to better assess, implement, and verify compliance with labour standards in their supply chains, and eliminate abuses where and when they arise.

Read More…

Looking for a quick fix - How weak social auditing is keeping workers in sweatshops

Looking for a quick fix - How weak social auditing is keeping workers in sweatshops

Social audits to check working conditions in production facilities emerged in the mid-1990s after a number of high profile companies were widely scrutinized for substandard working conditions in their supply chains. At that time, a growing number of companies-for example Nike, Gap, Levi Strauss, and C&A-had adopted codes of conduct that in essence were pledges to prevent exploitation and abuse of workers producing their goods. Labour advocates soon challenged these companies to demonstrate conformity to the standards they had adopted. Calls for independent, civil society based forms of workplace assessments were made.

Read More…

The Play Fair at the Olympics Campaign: an evaluation of the company responses

The Play Fair at the Olympics Campaign: an evaluation of the company responses

In the six-month up to the Olympics Games in Athens August 2004, the Play Fair alliance approached sportswear companies, the World Federation of Sporting Goods Industries (WFSGI), and the International Olympic Committee (IOC) with a number of recommendations and suggestions to improve working conditions in the global sportswear Industry. This report gives an overview of how Asics, Fila, Kappa, Lotto, Mizuno, Puma and Umbro responded to the Play Fair 2004 campaign.

Read More…

Play Fair at the Olympics Fila case study

Play Fair at the Olympics Fila case study

Based on research interviews conducted in July 2004, it shows how workers’ lives are affected by current practices in the industry and gives a sense of what the personal impact could be if the industry made a concerted effort to respect human rights. It does this by presenting an in-depth look at the lives of workers in just one factory, the PT Tae Hwa Indonesia factory (hereafter “Tae Hwa”) in Tangerang in West Java.

Read More…

Made by Women: Gender, the Global Garment Industry and the Movement for Women Workers' Rights

Made by Women: Gender, the Global Garment Industry and the Movement for Women Workers' Rights

This 128-page publication published by the CCC International Secretariat includes feature articles on important themes relating to gender and labour rights and 17 profiles of women involved in different ways in the movement for garment workers' rights.

Read More…

Sector Wide Solutions Indonesia (Revised version 2009)

Sector Wide Solutions Indonesia (Revised version 2009)

This document sets out sector-wide solutions for the sports shoe and apparel industry in Indonesia. These solutions are put forward by Oxfam Australia, the Clean Clothes Campaign and a network of labour rights groups worldwide (which include consumer groups) who remain concerned about continued and pervasive labour rights violations in the supply chain1 of major buyers (retailers and brands) in Indonesia. Written by Oxfam Australia and Clean Clothes Campaign, 2009.

Read More…

We are not machines: Indonesian Nike and adidas workers

We are not machines: Indonesian Nike and adidas workers

Despite some small steps forward, poverty and fear still dominate the lives of Nike and Adidas workers in Indonesia, 2002.

Read More…

Made in Southern Africa

Made in Southern Africa

Report on labor conditions in Sub-Saharan Africa. Clean Clothes Campaign, 2001.

Read More…

Clean Clothes Communities: Ethical Public Procurement of Work Wear)

Clean Clothes Communities: Ethical Public Procurement of Work Wear)

Clean Clothes Communities projects are aimed at local and regional authorities which adopt a resolution in order to ensure that only work wear made under good labour conditions is purchased. That means formulating an ethical procurement policy and developing a plan of action so that within a specified period of time buying "clean" uniforms becomes a reality.

Read More…

CCC Solidarity Action: Making a Difference for Workers

CCC Solidarity Action: Making a Difference for Workers

A publication about the CCCs Urgent Appeal Action Network.

Read More…

Monitoring & Verification Term guide

Monitoring & Verification Term guide

The following is a glossary of commonly used terms in the current field of monitoring and verification of codes of labor practice in the garment and sportswear industries. The aim of this terminology guide is to clearly define key concepts in order to harmonize terminology and thereby better facilitate debate and improve the quality of work being done in relation to monitoring and verification.

Read More…

From Code Compliance to Fair Purchasing Practices: Some Issues for Discussion

From Code Compliance to Fair Purchasing Practices: Some Issues for Discussion

Paper written for CCC Round Table on Purchasing Practices, May 2005. This paper discusses the main elements related to purchasing practices and their relation to the CCC’s campaign activities. It's based on experiences from the Play Fair campaign concerning purchasing practices. The paper concludes with questions for further discussion. The Play Fair campaign was the first public campaign in which purchasing practices emerged as an important element. This was certainly important as both a learning experience and as a way of getting the topic discussed. However, it is important to raise some questions about how far campaigners should go down this road.

Read More…

The Business Social Compliance Initiative (BSCI) A Critical Perspective

The Business Social Compliance Initiative (BSCI) A Critical Perspective

On 30 November 2004 the Business Social Compliance Initiative (BSCI) was officially launched. Under the aegis of some of Europe’s largest retailers, this initiative sets out to audit and monitor the social performance of their suppliers world-wide by utilising one common system. Since the BSCI aims to become a major monitoring initiative, which has already attracted several of Europe’s largest retailers, there is a great need for more background information. This document is a first attempt at supplying this essential information.

Read More…

Expectations in relation to Factory Closures and Mass-Dismissals

Expectations in relation to Factory Closures and Mass-Dismissals

Bulletins about factroy closures written to inform CCCs network and encourage debate on key issues related to our work.

Read More…

The Clean Clothes Urgent Appeal System

The Clean Clothes Urgent Appeal System

Developing and circulating appeals for urgent action (called “urgent appeals” for short) is one way that the CCC supports garment workers in specific cases where their rights have been violated. A CCC urgent appeal contains a request from workers or their organizations that people take action to demonstrate support for workers’ demands in a situation where their rights are not being respected.

Read More…

The Global Garment Industry and the Informal Economy: Critical Issues for Labor Rights Advocates

The Global Garment Industry and the Informal Economy: Critical Issues for Labor Rights Advocates

This paper has been written as an input for the seminar “Campaigning strategies on informal labour in the global garment industry,” organized by the Clean Clothes Campaign (CCC), the International Restructuring Education Network Europe (IRENE), and the Evangelische Akademie Meissen in 2004.

Read More…

Translations

Some of our brochures have been translated into various other languages.

Read More…

Fair, Green and Global alliance: 'Strength of lobbying and advocacy'

Fair, Green and Global alliance: 'Strength of lobbying and advocacy'

The Fair, Green & Global alliance presents clear insights into the many shapes and forms of policy influencing according to ten factors that lead to success, including recommendations for policy support measures. The Fair, Green & Global alliance consists of Clean Clothes Campaign, Both ENDS, ActionAid, Milieudefensie (Friends of the Earth Netherlands), SOMO and the Transnational Institute.

Read More…